Mummy Portraits

   Painted wooden panels with a head and shoulders portrait of the deceased attached to the head of the mummypopular during the Roman Period. The portrait was painted in tempera or wax encaustic. Painting in wax is mentioned by ancient authors, but the mummy portraits from Hawara are the only surviving examples of this technique, which has not been successfully replicated in modern times. The portraits are often called Fayumportraits, as the majority of them have been found in the Fayum, but examples have also been excavated throughout the country from Marina el-Alamein in the north to Aswan in the south.
   See also Hiba, El-.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

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